Blog Post

What is a febrile antigen kit?

29 April 2015

What is a febrile antigen kit?

Some of the most common human pathogens in medicine include Salmonellae, Richettsiae and Brucellae. These pathogens cause some really common and yet fatal infections that continue to affect very large populations worldwide. They are especially problematic in the event of a misdiagnosis, or a late diagnosis. This explains why it is important to know how to test for them, and which products can help in getting an accurate diagnosis. A febrile antigen kit is a test kit that contains bacterial antigen suspensions that agglutinate (clump) when mixed with human serum that contains antibodies against specific pathogens.

Uses of antigen kits

The febrile antigen kit consists of 8 vials containing a different bacterial antigen suspension each. Each bacterial antigen is a suspension of dead bacteria. Each antigen suspension will be able to detect antibodies to the corresponding pathogenic bacteria.
When pathogens invade the human body, the body will produce antibodies against the invading pathogens. These antibodies will end up in human serum.
If a sample of human serum that contains antibodies against a specific pathogen is mixed with a febrile antigen suspension that contains antigens of that specific pathogen, agglutination (clumping) will be observed.

The febrile antigen kit will detect antibodies to several different pathogens.
This makes the febrile antigen kit not only the most convenient, but also the most efficient test kit when dealing with Salmonellae, Brucellae or Richettsiae infections.

The importance of accurate diagnosis

There are quite a number of cases of typhus, typhoid and other infections that require quick and appropriate treatment. One way of ensuring that the appropriate treatment can be started as soon as possible is to have a febrile antigen kit that will help you to make quick and accurate diagnosis of bacterial infections that could be fatal. The febrile antigen kit contains a variety of antigen suspensions that will help you to find out the exact pathogens that are present in your patient’s serum, allowing you to then offer the appropriate treatment quickly.

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