Telephone: +44 (0)118 921 2264
Enzymes, Potentiators & Accessories
Lorne Labs supply and manufacture range of Enzymes and Potentiators including PBS, LISS and Albumin as well as accessories used in blood-grouping including cardtiles and storage solutions.
Enzyme types and uses
Enzymes are commonly used for antibody identification, particularly in the Rh system and are useful for where it is suspected there is a mixture of different antibodies. The Enzyme method for antibody testing aim to detect weak antibodies in a blood sample by increasing the strength of reactions of the antibodies with Potentiators.
Lorne Laboratories’ Papenzyme Plus is a ready to use liquid preparation of stabilised papain, an enzyme found in the fruit of the Papaya plant. It destroys certain blood group antigens, notably M, N, S, Fya, Fyb and Xga, a property that may be useful for identification and separation of a mixture of antibodies. Bromelite is a preparation of stabilised Bromelain enzyme, derived from the stem, fruit, and juice of the pineapple plant and is used for blood group antibody investigations.
It is thought that treating red blood cells with enzymes results in the release of sialic acid from the red cell membrane, which causes a decrease in the zeta potential (a cloud of negative charges surrounding the red cell) of the red blood cells which allows the red cells to come closer together. It is suggested that enzymes also remove hydrophilic glycoproteins from the red cell membrane which makes the red cell membrane more hydrophilic and also causes the individual red cells to come closer together. Finally, with the removal of glycoproteins from the red cell membrane, there are less steric hindrances so it is easier for antibodies to react with antigens on the red cell membrane. The combined effect of the aforementioned enables the Serologist to detect weak antibodies more readily.
Potentiators and Accessories
Lorne Labs also manufacture and supply a range of Potentiators including LISS (Low Ionic Strength Saline), PEG and Serological Albumin (22% and 30% concentrates). Potentiators are used in blood banking procedures and are widely used in clinical laboratories for the detection or quantitation of antibodies or antigens. Potentiators the in vitro test environment in such a way that it increases the rate of antibody uptake in the initial stage of agglutination.
Our range of serological accessories include cardtiles suitable for a range of haemagglutination tests, latex cardtiles which are suitable for all types of latex agglutination tests, as well as mini pipettes and vials for safe sample storage.
Lorne Labs also manufacture sturdy Blockfile and Slidestak boxes for storage of histology boxes and microscope slides which remain upright in the box, providing economical long-term storage.
For further information about our Enzymes, Potentiators and serological accessories or to place an order from within the UK, contact us here. If you're outside the UK, find and contact your nearest distributor by visiting our distributors page.
Buffered Saline Tablets
LISS Ready for use
Plastic Distribution Trays
Size: 10 x Vial Tray
Serological Albumin 22%
Serological Albumin 30%